How To Start Cattle Farming In Nigeria

 A step-by-step detailed guide on how to start cattle farming in Nigeria and make profits.

How To Start Cattle Farming In Nigeria

The cattle industry holds significant importance in Nigeria, serving as a major source of livelihood for many people and contributing to the country's economy. Cattle farming is highly lucrative and requires you to know the tips and secrets in other to make profits from it.

In this article we'll provide a comprehensive guide on how to start a cattle distribution business in Nigeria, focusing on various aspects such as opportunities, types of cattle business, starting a building material business, procurement of cattle, and effective marketing strategies.

Cattle Business In Nigeria

A cattle distribution business involves the buying and selling of cattle, as well as related products, such as meat, milk, hides, and skins. Nigeria's diverse geography and climate create a favorable environment for cattle farming, making it a potentially lucrative venture for aspiring entrepreneurs.

The cattle farming business is profitable and a safe place to invest because there is always a high demand in the market. 

The business can be divided into two main categories: beef production and dairy farming. Beef production involves the rearing of cattle for meat, while dairy farming involves the production of milk for consumption and commercial purposes.

Types Of Cattle Farming/ Production In Nigeria

Cattle farming is categorized into three main parts; beef cattle farming, dairy farming, and dual purpose.

Beef Cattle Farming 

This involves raising cattle primarily for meat production. It's essential to select suitable breeds that thrive in Nigeria's climatic conditions and are well-suited for meat production.

Dairy Cattle Farming 

Dairy farming involves raising cattle for milk production. Dairy products such as milk, butter, cheese, and yogurt have a steady demand, and investing in dairy cattle farming can be a profitable endeavor.

Cattle Farming For Dual-purpose Production

The third method of cattle farming is for dual purposes. In this type of cattle farming, you select some cattle and breed them for the production of meat and milk. 

Apart from meat and milk, cattle also provide hides and skins that can be processed into leather. This niche can be a lucrative avenue for those looking to explore the leather industry.

How To Start Cattle Farming in Nigeria 

Now that you know the different means to make money from cattle farming in Nigeria, it is important to note that the business requires careful planning and execution to avoid unnecessary loss and confusion.

Below is a step-by-step guide on how to start a successful cattle-rearranging business in Nigeria.

Conduct A Feasibility Study/ Market Research

This is the first thing you should do. If you're reading this article, you've already started this stage and are on the right track. This includes research on the market demand, production costs, and competition in your area to determine if a cattle-rearing business is viable.

Develop A Business Plan 

After you are done gathering knowledge and information next on the list is to create a detailed business plan that includes the costs of land, cattle, feed, labor, equipment, other expenses, competitors, your unique signature that'll make you stand out, how to gain profit, etc.

Secure Funding/ Capital 

Cattle farming in Nigeria requires intensive capital to begin so if you do not have enough it'll be wise to secure funding from investors, banks, or government agencies to start your cattle-rearing business.

Acquire Land 

Purchase or lease land suitable for cattle grazing and housing. In addition, ensure that there are no records of tsetse flies or other pests and diseases that can cause harm to the cattle in the environment. 

It is also wise to get a source of clean water within the farm where the cattle can drink from after grazing.

Purchase Cattle 

Buy healthy cattle from reputable sources, ensuring they are vaccinated and free from disease.

Build Infrastructure 

Construct or purchase suitable infrastructure such as fences, sheds, and water supply systems.

Hire staff 

Hire skilled staff to assist with feeding, breeding, and veterinary care for the cattle.

Implement a feeding program 

Develop and implement a feeding program that includes high-quality feed, hay, and water.

Monitor Herd Health 

Regularly monitor the herd’s health and implement measures to prevent disease outbreaks.

Establish marketing channels

Develop marketing channels to sell cattle products such as meat, hides, and milk.

Where to Buy Cattle to Start Cattle Farming in Nigeria

Procuring healthy and productive cattle is a critical step in starting a cattle distribution business. However, it is best to go for more Cows (female cattle) than bulls (male cattle) so they can reproduce before being sold out or slaughtered. 

Local Markets

Local cattle markets are common in Nigeria, where farmers and traders bring their cattle for sale. Visiting these markets will give you a firsthand look at available cattle and their conditions.

Direct From Farmers

Building relationships with cattle farmers can provide you with a consistent supply of cattle. Purchasing directly from farmers ensures transparency and potentially better prices.

Cattle Dealers

Cattle dealers can act as intermediaries between farmers and distributors. They can help source cattle based on your requirements.

When purchasing for the cattle farming business, it is best to buy Sokoto and Adamawa Gudali, Bunaji, Rahaji, Friesians, and White Fulani Zebu cows for dairy production. And Muturu, N‘dama, Kuri, and Keteku For beef (meat) cattle production.

How to Market Cattle in Nigeria

Effective marketing strategies are essential for the success of your cattle distribution business, here are a few strategies to try out:

Online Presence

Create a website or social media profile to showcase your cattle and building materials. This allows potential customers to easily find and contact you.


Join the cattle farmers association, and attend agricultural fairs, livestock exhibitions, and industry events to connect with potential customers and other stakeholders in the cattle industry.

Word Of Mouth

Positive customer experiences can lead to referrals. Providing quality cattle and reliable building materials will help build a solid reputation.


Collaborate with veterinary services, animal feed suppliers, and other related businesses to create a comprehensive service package for cattle farmers.

Where To Market Cattle In Nigeria

There are several places to market cattle in Nigeria. You can sell meat, milk, hides, and skins for leather processing. You can sell these cattle farming products at a local markets, Hotels and restaurants, Butcheries, Livestock auctions, Leather products manufacturers, Export markets, Supermarkets, and grocery stores.


Starting a cattle distribution business in Nigeria requires careful planning, a solid understanding of the cattle industry, and a commitment to providing quality products and services. The growing demand for cattle products and the cultural significance of cattle farming make it a promising venture. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can embark on a successful journey into the world of cattle distribution, contributing to Nigeria's agricultural and economic growth.

Next Post »